Map
Progress Towards Global Plan Targets
Progress Towards EMTCT
  • Key Data Points for: Priority Countries

    • 12%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 26%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 62%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 59%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 34%
      Date shows change since 2009
  • Progress Towards Global Plan Targets

    symbolBaseline (2009)

    symbolCurrent (2012)

    symbolTarget (2015)

    Reduce HIV Incidence in Women 15-49 by 50%
    0% 12% 50%

    Reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV to 5% (or 2% in non-breastfeeding populations)
    28% 21% 5%

    90% of mothers receive perinatal antiretroviral therapy or prophylaxis
    34% 62% 90%

    90% of breastfeeding infant-mother pairs receive antiretroviral therapy or prophylaxis
    16% 48% 90%

    Provide 90% of pregnant women in need of antiretroviral therapy for their own health with life-long antiretroviral therapy
    19% 28% 90%

    Key Data Points for: Priority Countries

    • 12%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 26%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 62%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 59%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 34%
      Date shows change since 2009
  • Progress Towards Eliminating New HIV Paediatric Infections

    symbolBaseline (2009)

    symbolCurrent (2012)

    symbolTarget (2015)

    Reduce number of new pediatric HIV infections by 90%
    0% 36% 90%

    Reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV to 5% (or 2% in non-breastfeeding populations)
    28% 21% 5%

    90% of mothers receive perinatal antiretroviral therapy of prophylaxis
    34% 62% 90%

    persent in thousands

    90% of breastfeeding infant-mother pairs receive antiretroviral therapy or prophylaxis
    16% 48% 90%

    Provide 90% of pregnant women in need of antiretroviral therapy for their own health with life-long antiretroviral therapy
    19% 28% 90%

    Key Data Points for: Priority Countries

    • 12%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 26%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 62%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 59%
      Date shows change since 2009
    • 34%
      Date shows change since 2009

Milestones

Global
Regional
  • In Progress

    2011: The GSG has developed and activated mechanism for rapid response technical assistance to meet country-defined needs. Strategy for providing technical assistance to priority countries is in place and is accepting and responding to TA requests.

    2012: IATT has provided requested support to countries in conducting policy reviews to decentralize and task shift essential HIV activities to the primary care level and the community level.

    2012: Development partners will have aligned their financial and technical assistance with revised national action plans for elimination of new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive.

    2013: The estimated number of HIV-associated deaths to women during pregnancy, childbirth and deaths is reduced by 25%.

    Completed

    2011: The GSGS has supported countries in conducting rapid assessment of their status in achieving elimination of new HIV infects among children and keeping their mothers alive. 19 (86%) out of the 22 priority countries have completed national baseline assessments.

    2011: IATT has provided requested support to countries in reviewing and revising national guidelines on treatment of pregnant women living with HIV, PMTCT and infant feeding and HIV.

    2013: New global guidelines for ARV prophylaxis and ART have been issued, recommending simpler and more effective drug regimens and approaches.

    Behind

    2014: The estimated number of new HIV infections in children is reduced by two-thirds from the 2009 level.

    2014: The estimated number of HIV-associated deaths to women during pregnancy, childbirth and deaths is reduced by one-third from 2009 level.

    2014: Fifteen of the 22 priority countries will have met the two overall Global Plan targets.

    2015: All countries will have met the 2 overall Global Plan targets for elimination of new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive.

  • In Progress

    2012: East/Southern Africa Region: Regional strategies for the provision of South-South technical assistance and support for capacity building towards eliminating new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive has been developed and rolled out.

    2012: West Africa Region: Regional strategies for the provision of South-South technical assistance and support for capacity building towards eliminating new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive has been developed and rolled out.

    Completed

    2012: East/Southern Africa Region: Regional frameworks for eliminating new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive have been finalized or revised.

    2012: West Africa Region: Regional frameworks for eliminating new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive have been finalized or revised.

    Behind

    2013: At least 3 regions declare that they have reached the regional initiative targets. (May 2013).

    2015: All regions declare that they have reached the regional initiatve targets.

Priority Countries

  • In 2011, globally there are 330,000 children newly infected with HIV and there are approximately 1.5  million pregnant women living with HIV
  • In the 22 Priority Countries, 61% of pregnant women living with HIV received received antiretroviral drugs to prevent them from transmitting the virus to their babies and and 48% received antiretroviral treatment.
  • Only 26% of children in need started antiretroviral treatment

Source: UNAIDS, Report on the Global Epidemic, 2012 and UNAIDS, Together We Will End AIDS, 2012

What is the response?

An intervention known as “prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV,” or PMTCT, provides drugs, counselling and psychological support to help mothers safeguard their infants against the virus. Ensuring PMTCT is provided to all women that need it is our most effective way to end mother-to-child HIV transmission by 2015, and reach the UN’s Millennium Development Goal 6.

Ensuring that no baby is born with HIV is an essential step towards achieving an AIDS-free generation. But far too few pregnant women and their infants have access to this preventive treatment.

What needs to happen?

To reach our objectives, pregnant women across the developing world must be tested for HIV. PMTCT programmes must be scaled up to include all mothers and babies who need them – no matter how impoverished or geographically isolated they may be. And where prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission is accessible, it must be delivered consistently and with the most effective drugs available.

There is a four-pronged strategy to prevent HIV among infants and young children. This includes key interventions to be implemented as a component of overall maternal, newborn and child health services.

The 4-Prong Strategy


Prong 1: Primary prevention of HIV among women of reproductive age within services related to reproductive health such as antenatal care, postpartum/natal care and other health and HIV service delivery points, including working with community structures.

Prong 2: Providing appropriate counselling and support to women living with HIV to enable them make an informed decision about their future reproductive life, with special attention to preventing unintended pregnancies.

Prong 3: For pregnant women living with HIV, ensure HIV testing and access to the antiretroviral drugs that will help mothers’ own health and prevent infection being passed on to their babies during pregnancy, delivery and breastfeeding.

Prong 4: Better integration of HIV care, treatment and support for women found to be positive and their families.